Minting, is the process of 'finding blocks' in Qortal. The project is called Qortal or QORT, Qortal's coin is called QORT.
Qortal does not use PoW or PoS like more 'traditional' blockchains, instead, uses minting. Minting means that every minter shares a portion of EVERY block reward. In other words, Qortal does not reward the block signer but rewards every minter who is online, synced, and minting! Say good bye to the battle of MINING and welcome in a fair new system where everyone is rewarded for EVERY block minted.
Minting does not use high amounts of electricity, and it also does not require the users wishing to mint, to have a huge amount of QORT or any other asset with which to do so.
Instead, minters must prove themselves as a 'productive member' of the network, in order to be a minter.
Qortal's developers believe that minting is a superior method in multiple ways, as it not only has no coin holding requirement for minting (thus minting does NOT favor the users with more capital), but it also focuses on ensuring a strong and ever-expanding network of full nodes on the Qortal Network. This method leads to a much stronger base node network, and will be much less likely to run into issues like other blockchain projects do, wherein their base network has a lack of enough full nodes, which makes the chain much less secure overall.
This is against the principles that Bitcoin initially put into the world. The entire idea of the Bitcoin system, was to be totally decentralized and put the power in the hands of the people. The way things are going now in Bitcoin and many other projects, is the exact opposite of these ideals. Qortal aims to go back to the original Bitcoin concepts, putting the power solely in the hands of the users on the network, and maintaining a very strong network with full nodes spread out across the globe.
The method to accomplish this, is described here Becoming a Minter