Qortal Project

The future of blockchain platforms

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qortal_glossary

Qortal Glossary

Below is our a list of terms, definitions, and links to pages on the wiki for more info. Feel free to reach out to us if you find a term missing that you think we should add! (This is a work in progress.)

Address

The public address associated with every Qortal account that is used to send and receive coins, and the association with registered names for the receiving of QORT, messages, and various other transactions within Qortal.

Backup File

An encrypted copy of your private key, which can be used to recover your account. This is an extremely important aspect to Qortal that you'll want to be aware of! See the Account Setup & Recovery page for more info.

Block Height

Blockchains process one block at a time. The 'current' block height' of the chain would refer to the latest block processed by the chain. Your node's block height would indicate how far off your node is from being 100% synced with the current block height of the chain.

Block Signer

The node which is the last to sign off a block before a new block can be created. Qortal does not have a mining system that only rewards the block signer, we MINT where everyone who takes part each block, warns a portion of the block reward. See the Block Rewards & Distribution page for more info.

Bootstrap

The UI doesn't sync, it just shows what your Core is doing. The Core is what syncs. Bootstrapping is when you download a compressed archive of the block database. It will be much faster to get that all at once, than to sync one block at a time from peers. Refer to the How To Bootstrap & Delete The DB page for more info.

Connections

A term as 'peers' which is the number of other nodes connected to your node. You can see this number by hovering over the Qortal core icon in your system's taskbar next to the clock. FYI: Raspberry Pi/QORTector devices often do not display this core icon until you stop and start the core one time.

Core

Not to be confused with the user interface (UI), the core supports the Network and immutable ledger. It processes transactions and blocks of data. Ideally, the core should be left running 24/7 while the UI can be closed without interrupting Minting.

Database Trimming

Also referred to as ‘db auto trimming’ is an automatic feature that trims the size of your node’s database (db) to prevent it from growing too large unnecessarily. Average size is between 20-30gb. This is set to randomly occur between every 3-14 day period, and is reset if your node is restarted for whatever reason. Information on how to manually trim your db can be found in the Qortal Core page if desired.

DevTeam (Dev Team)

Qortal’s development team. Anyone can join the DevTeam server in Discord and collaborate immediately with development; anyone can submit pull requests to Qortal's GitHub (https://github.com/Qortal/). We also have DevTeam Admins which are DevTeam members with the 'Admin' permission assigned to their Qortal account, which gives them the ability to vote on-chain to push auto updates. See the Voting System Overview page for more info.

Genesis

The genesis block is the name given to the first block (Block #1) in Qortal’s ledger. Qortal’s blockchain consists of a series of so-called blocks that are used to store information related to transactions that occur on the Qortal Network.

Image

A full operating system (OS) that is pre-configured for a specific purpose, like our Brooklyn images for the RaspberryPi. It contains the customized Linux kernel and added GUI along with some modifications for performance, functionality, and visual appeal. The image is the entire OS, and all added software configured by the developers that created the image. Images are generally imaged over to a storage device and booted directly, without the need for any installations of software, or installation of the OS itself.

Kernel

The 'core' of an operating system (OS). The kernel is the 'lowest level' of an OS. It allows the hardware to communicate to the software, and is always run in memory. The kernel facilitates communication between the CPU, cache, network sockets, and other hardware drivers to the software (OS). It is the first thing loaded, and facilitates the loading of the rest of the software.

Ledger

The database of all transaction information on-chain. This is what we call an immutable ledger as the blocks can only move forward and the data stored in previous blocks cannot be modified- creating the most secure database technology!

Minting

We do not MINE, we MINT! Minting, is the process of 'finding blocks' in Qortal. We are not using a term like ‘Proof of ___’ for this mining system… it is simply called ‘minting’. See the Minting Overview page for more info.

Node

Your computer running the Qortal core and UI is a node/peer/connection for the chain. It is most beneficial to have a dedicated minting machine that can be left on 24/7 because 1) more nodes help the network and 2) turning your node off will require having to sync the blocks missed while the node was down. After all, we are running a node to support the Qortal Network and sovereign infrastructure to empower lives.

On-Chain

Meaning ‘on the Qortal blockchain’

Operating System (OS)

The system software that manages computer hardware, software resources, and provides common services for computer programs such as Windows, Linux, and Mac.

Pi

A Raspberry Pi computer. See the Raspberry Pi 4 page for building your own or you can buy one pre-configured from www.crowetic.com

Peer-to-Peer

Abbreviated as P2P, it means the action is solely between two parties in a peer-to-peer fashion. In other words, no middle men, no centralization.

Peers

Same term as 'connections' above.

Plugin

“Plugins” or "plug-ins" are the preinstalled apps that ship with the UI, and "apps" are the ones that will be in the app store that anyone can publish. Plugins shouldn't really be using any resources unless they are open.

Private Key

A key that is not usually seen by the typical user, this key is derived from the seed phrase and stored privately and encrypted in the UI for you automatically. This is the key that is used to sign transactions before they are broadcasted to the Qortal Network and secured on-chain.

Public Key

A key that is the public pairing to the private key. This key is publicly available/viewable on-chain (once the account has had an outgoing transaction and is 'activated'). This key is used for the encryption of Private Messages (PMs) in Q-Chat, as well as the creation of 'Minting Keys' and 'Sponsorship Keys' within Qortal.

Puzzles

A plugin within the UI. Just type your guess. It will turn blue if the entry is valid, or red if invalid. The goal is to enter the private key of the puzzle account and it will send you its balance. A clever design by Catbref (the original lead core dev). The plugin checks for members of a private group he used. The puzzle clues are in the "description" field when registering the name. If we don't share the answers publicly, QORT can be sent back to the address and "recharge" the puzzle.

Q-Apps

Soon to come. Q-Apps will allow developers to applications on-chain without permission (excluding the ability to launch a project with asset issuance). See the Q-Apps page for more info.

Q-Chat

Qortal's blockchain-based chat system. See the Q-Chat page for more info.

QDN

Abbreviation for Qortal Data Network. With core version 3.0 we will begin to rebuild the Internet in a sovereign and unhackable fashion with free public website and data hosting. You can host your own content on your computer without any third-party reliance or hinderance. Another important tool for mankind to regain control over our digital lives, our free speech, and free trade of information. QDN will allow for Web Hosting, Application Hosting, GitHub Replacement, enhanced features with Communications, and so much more. See the Qortal Data Network (QDN) page for more info.

QORT

Qortal’s native coin - NOT A TOKEN. It powers on-chain functionality with transactions and can also be used as a digital form of payment on the Qortal Network. See The QORT Coin page for more info.

Qortal

The blockchain itself. Focused on true decentralization to empower lives with sovereign infrastructure. Qortal is the blockchain, QORT is the coin. See the Qortal 101 page for more info.

QORTable

USB flash drives with software that allows you to run the Qortal Core and UI without having to install anything on your computer. QORTable has not yet been launched.

QORTector

A cost-effective node alternative to running your Linux/Windows/Mac computer as a node 24/7. These are custom kernels known as 'Brooklyn' which are built specifically for the Qortal Network with added security known as 'Auto Threat Mitigation' to prevent back door risks. Build your own or buy one pre-configured at www.crowetic.com! See the QORTector & QORTable Overview page for more info.

Qortia

The virtual land of Qortia. Where we regain control over digital lives.

Qortians

We call ourselves Qortians in the virtual land of Qortia!

Seed Phrase

Think of it as a master password; a string of words that can be used to gain access to the associated account.

Sell Order

A sell order is a listing in Qortal’s Trade Portal, where the seller has listed a coin to be traded with a different coin. Such as trading QORT-LTC. These orders are simple contracts that allow two parties to exchange coins 100% peer-to-peer (p2p) without any reliance on third-parties (middle man).

Sponsee

A level 0 account who will require sponsorship from a level 5+ account in order to become a Minter. Please note: you do not have to be a Minter to use all of the other features of Qortal (excluding minting for block reward, account leveling, future sponsorship ability, and voting which requires level 1 or higher).

A level 5 account or higher, including Founders, who are able to sponsor level 0 accounts. Originally, any level 5 or higher account could sponsor up to 5 accounts at a time, this has recently changed, to a limit of 2 accounts at a time for level 5+ accounts - and Founder accounts remain at a limit of 5 accounts at a time. See theMinting Overview page for more info.

SSD

Solid-State Drive which is used with the Raspberry Pi to create a node device. The SSD has the custom kernel stored in it, which makes the operating system for the Raspberry Pi board. The larger your SSD, the more data you will be able to store on your device, which will be important for those who want to run redundant copies of data on the Qortal Network.

Sync'd

Crowetic's way of writing 'synced'. He likes to be 'different'. ^_^

Synced

Your node has to be fully synced to Mint and send any other type of transaction such as sending a message on Q-Chat. This means your node is caught up to the current block height.

Trade Portal

Qortal has its very own decentralized exchange (DEX) which we call the Trade Portal. Learn more on the Trade Portal Overview page.

UI/User Interface

The graphical user interface (GUI) let’s users easily navigate the core features without having to run terminal commands. This is the same situation as your cell phone, what you are actually looking at when you use your phone is the GUI, while not seeing what is happening in the background with lines of code.

Voting

Leveled accounts will be able to cast their vote in various situations. See the Voting System Overview page for more info.

qortal_glossary.txt · Last modified: 08/17/2022 23:31 by gfactor